The roots of chiropractic care can be traced all the way back to prehistoric time. Writings from China and Greece, written in 2700 B.C. and 1500 B.C., mention spinal manipulation and the maneuvering of the lower extremities to ease low back pain. Hippocrates, the Greek physician, who lived from 460 to 357 B.C., also published texts detailing the importance of spinal manipulation. In one of his writings he declares, "Get knowledge of the spine, for this is the requisite for many diseases".
Daniel David Palmer founded the Chiropractic profession in Davenport In 1895 and, then he went to begin the Palmer School of Chiropractic In 1897.
Throughout the twentieth and twenty first century, doctors of chiropractic gained legal recognition across United States and expanded as rapidly in Europe. Today, European Union countries such as United Kingdom, Norway, Denmark, Italy and France have gained legal governmental recognition that protect the profession and its patients. Many other EU countries are in the process of achieving the same recognition.
Continued acceptance and respect for the chiropractic profession worldwide led to growing support for chiropractic care and research has emerged from " around the world" that has yielded incredibly influential results, which have changed, shaped and molded perceptions of chiropractic care.
- In 1979, the New Zealand Commission Report, strongly supported the efficacy of chiropractic care and elicited medical cooperation in conjunction with chiropractic care.
- In July of 1984 the Australian Federal Minister for Health asked their Medicare Benefits Review Committee to "consider requests for extending the scope of Medicare (government-funded health care) arrangements to provide benefits for certain paramedical services" - which included chiropractic services.
- In 1987, a commission on Alternative Medicine in Sweden conducted a detailed investigation of chiropractic education. They had the scientific literature assessed by university medical faculty and additionally commissioned a demographic survey by Statistics Sweden. Subsequent to the report, the Swedish government passed legislation recognizing and regulating the chiropractic profession in Sweden. Then, together with the governments from Denmark, Finland and Norway, it established a school of chiropractic at the University of Odense in Denmark to provide a regional chiropractic college for students from those countries.
- The 1993 Manga study published in Canada investigated the cost effectiveness of chiropractic care. The results of this study concluded that chiropractic care would save hundreds of millions of dollars annually with regard to work disability payments and direct health care costs.
- In 2004, the European Guidelines for the Management of Chronic Non-specific Low Back Pain were released. They recommend spinal manipulation as an effective conservative treatment.
- In 2010, the British National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE) published guidelines on the treatment for persistent low back pain that includes spinal manipulation as an effective alternative treatment.